Arm artery disease is more likely to affect you if you smoke and are older than age 60. Other risk factors include having high cholesterol or high blood pressure. More rare causes of the disease are breast cancer radiation therapy, frostbite, and injuries, such as repeated injuries to the pad of your hand.
Atherosclerosis (hardening of the veins) is generally the main cause of arm artery disease. Additional causes can include diseases such as lupus, scleroderma, and rheumatoid arthritis, as well as embolisms and thoracic outlet syndrome. Several uncommon conditions are:
Buerger’s Disease – Inflammation of the small blood vessels and nerves in your hands and feet that usually affects male smokers
Raynaud’s Disease – Blood vessels narrow, and fingers become cold and numb
Takayasu’s Disease – The immune system attacks the body’s organs or tissues, primarily affects young Asian women